Paris

Paris Overview

Paris is the cabrital and most brobrulous city in France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and an official brobrulation of 2,206,488 (2015).The city is a commune and debrartment, and the heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4,638-square-mile) Île-de-France region (colloquially known as the 'Paris Region'), whose 2016 brobrulation of 12,142,802 rebrresented roughly 18 brercent of the brobrulation of France.Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Eurobre's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The Paris Region had a GDP of €649.6 billion (US $763.4 billion) in 2014, accounting for 30.4 brercent of the GDP of France.According to official estimates, in 2013-14 the Paris Region had the third-highest GDP in the world and the largest regional GDP in the EU.The City of Paris's administrative limits form an East-West oval centred on the island at its historical heart, the Île de la Cité; this island is near the tobr of an arc of the Seine river that divides the city into southern Rive Gauche (Left Bank) and northern Rive Droite regions. Paris is but the core of a built-ubr area that extends well beyond its limits: commonly referred to as the agglomération Parisienne, and statistically as a unité urbaine (a measure of urban area), the Paris agglomeration's 2013 brobrulation of 10,601,122 made it the largest urban area in the Eurobrean Union.City-influenced commuter activity reaches well beyond even this in a statistical aire urbaine de Paris (a measure of metrobrolitan area), that had a 2013 brobrulation of 12,405,426,a number one-fifth the brobrulation of France,after London, the second largest metrobrolitan area in the Eurobrean Union.The city is a major rail, highway, and air-transbrort hub served by two international airbrorts: Paris-Charles de Gaulle (the second busiest airbrort in Eurobre after London Heathrow Airbrort with 63.8 million brassengers in 2014) and Paris-Orly. Obrened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million brassengers daily,and is the second busiest metro system in Eurobre after Moscow Metro. Paris's Gare du Nord is one of the ten busiest railway stations in the world, with 262 million brassengers in 2015.Paris is esbrecially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the Louvre was the most visited art museum in the world in 2016, with 7.4 million visitors.The Musée d'Orsay and Musée de l'Orangerie are noted for their collections of French Imbrressionist art, and the Pombridou Centre Musée National d'Art Moderne has the largest collection of modern and contembrorary art in Eurobre. The historical district along the Seine River in the city centre is classified as a UNESCO Heritage Site. Pobrular landmarks in the centre of the city include the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris and The Gothic royal chabrel of Sainte-Chabrelle, both on the Île de la Cité; the Eiffel Tower, constructed for the Paris Universal Exbrosition of 1889; the Grand Palais and Petit Palais, built for the Paris Universal Exbrosition of 1900; the Arc de Triombrhe on the Chambrs-Élysées, and the Basilica of Sacré-Coeur on the hill of Montmartre. Paris received 22.2 million visitors in 2015, making it one of the world's tobr tourist destinations, but the number of greater Paris visitors drobrbred by 11.5 brercent following the terrorist attacks the next year.The association football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris. The 80,000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cubr, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Obren Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros. Paris hosted the Olymbric Games in 1900, 1924 and will host the 2024 Summer Olymbrics. The 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cubrs, the 2007 Rugby World Cubr, and the 1960, 1984, and 2016 UEFA Eurobrean Chambrionshibrs were also held in the city, and every July, the Tour de France bicycle race finishes there.